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Preface
We are living in an environment dealing with uncertain global challenges. The relative stability, for the last 10.000 years, of environment where we are living today has been enabled the human society to thrive. However, this stability has been put at risk in recent decades. Moreover, this risk will increase along with populations swells as projected be 9 million in 2050.
One of the risks which give cause for concern is Climate Change. UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that our current trajectory of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions would give rise to adverse impacts on people and ecosystems through water stress, food security threats, coastal inundation, extreme weather events, ecosystem shifts and species extinction on land and sea. The challenge of climate change is an urgent one and will impact nearly all aspects of the Earth system and human society.
Additionally, now we are living in a world that has unprecedented technological change called the 4th Industrial Revolution (4IR). According to the World Economic Forum, “The First Industrial Revolution used water and steam power to mechanize production. The Second used electric power to create mass production. The Third used electronics and information technology to automate production. Now a Fourth Industrial Revolution is building on the Third, the digital revolution that has been occurring since the middle of the last century. It is characterized by a fusion of technologies that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres.”
We also have to realize that the 4IR technologies like cloud and big data, advanced materials, synthetic biology, autonomous vehicles and drones, 3D printing, artificial intelligence, robots and internet of things can largely contribute to the change in environment. Nevertheless, absolutely we hope that 4IR technologies not only increase industrial result and business worldwide but also be a glimmer of opportunity for scientists and researchers to address environmental issues, such as biodiversity and habitat loss to safeguard the planet’s sustainability.
Many things we can do with these 4IR technologies to improve our environmental quality. For examples Internet of thing (IoT) and Sensor using artificial intelligence can be used as farming sensor and connected machinery to access real-time data for smart farmer devices that can optimize how much water, energy, fertilizer, and feed to use, increasing productivity while reducing energy use and product waste. In addition, sensor and cloud-based AI can be used in a smart building system so the utilization of heating, water and lighting become efficient.
Another idea about utilization of 4IR technologies for our sustainability environment can emerge along with scientist gathering, in term conference, talking about how to harness the Fourth Industrial Revolution as a positive force for managing and conserving life on land better. Therefore, in carrying out this mission, we arrange a conference by the theme “Biodiversity and environmental in 4IR: issues, paradigm, and reality”.